Leather and tanning

Contents for the blog:
1. Definition of skin
2. Since when animal skins are used in tanning
3. Uses of leather
4. The role of tanning in leather

• Definition of skins.

It is a part of the body that covers it and protects it from damage that can occur such as harmful sun or bacterial rays and germs. The skin is the largest organ of the human or animal body and consists of three layers:

1. Skin: is the outer layer of skin
2. Dermis: is the lining of the skin that is located under the skin and there are blood vessels and sweat glands
3. Subcutaneous tissue: where there are fat cells

• The role of tanning in leather.

Tanning is the process of transforming the skin of the animal after the skin is skinned to a product that can be utilized.
There are main types of skin:
1. Sole leather: Sole skins are made of thick leather for cattle (such as buffalo and large animals)
2. Upper layer leather: Use this kind of thin leather. They are extracted from small calves or goats or other small animals

• Since when animal skins have been used in tanning.
There are people who started tanning hides since prehistoric times. The ancient Egyptians began tanning hard leather and when they were found and found in good condition and dates back more than three thousand years ago. Both the ancient Romans and the Greeks had a great influence on tanning and leather making.

• Uses of leather:

1. Wool and feather are extracted from leather where they enter into many industries
2. Leather is used in the manufacture of  shoes / belts / bags / furniture and many other industries
3. Leather fur is utilized in garment industry.